NCERT Class 10 English Chapter 10: The Sermon at Benares and the only poem “For Anne Gregory” complete questions and answers are provided on this page. Our NCERT solutions are updated for the academic session 2021-2022.
NCERT Class 10 English Chapter 10 Answers
|Subject||English – First Flight|
Class 10 English Chapter 10 End-Text Answers
Get all the NCERT Class 10 English Chapter 10: The Sermon at Benares of the English – First Flight textbook questions and their answers are given below.
Thinking about the Text
When her son dies, Kisa Gotami goes from house to house. When does she ask for? Does she get it? Why not?
When Kisa Gotami’s son died, she went from house to house asking if she could get some medicine that would cure her child.
No, she did not get it because her child was dead and no medicine could have brought him back to life.
Kisa Gotami again goes from house to house after she speaks with the Buddha. What does she ask for, the second time around? Does she get it? Why not?
When she met the Buddha, he asked her to get a handful of mustard seeds from a house where no one had lost their child, husband, parent, or friend. She went from house to house, but could not get the mustard seeds because there was not a single house where no one had died.
What does Kisa Gotami understand the second time that she failed to understand the first time? Was this what the Budha wanted her to understand?
Kisa Gotami understands the second time that death is common to all and that she was being selfish in her grief. There was no house where no one had died.
Yes, this was what the Buddha wanted her to understand.
Why do you think Kisa Gotami understands this only the second time? In what way did the Buddha change her understanding?
Kisa Gotami understands that death is common to all and that she was being selfish in her grief. She understands this only the second time because it was then that she found that was not a single house where some beloved had not died.
The first time around, she was only thinking about her grief and was therefore asking for a medicine that would cure her son. When she met the Buddha, he asked her to get a handful of mustard seeds from a house where no one had died. He did this purposely to make her realize that there is not a single house where no one had died and that death is natural.
When she went to all the house the second time, she felt that she could not gather the mustard seeds. Then when she sat and thought about it, she realized that the fate of men such that they live and die. Death is common to all. This was what the Buddha had intended her to understand.
How do you usually understand the idea of ‘selfishness? Do you agree with Kisa Gotami that she was being ‘selfish in her grief’?
‘Selfishness’ means being concerned only about one’s own interests and showing complete disregard for other’s welfare. Yes, it can be said that Kisa Gotami was being ‘selfish in her grief. In light of her tragedy, she was unable to see that death is something that strikes all things living.
In this sense, she was selfish. However, for every person, his/her tragedy is something personal and it prevents him/her from looking at tragedy from a universal or general point of view. If we take the usual sense of the word ‘selfish’, then calling Kisa Gotami selfish would be inappropriate, because every person becomes selfish in his/her grief.
Thinking About Language
This text is written in an old-fashioned style, for it reports an incident more than two millennia old. Look for the following words and phrases in the text, and try to rephrase them in the more current language, based on how you understand them.
- give thee medicine for thy child
- pray tell me
- Kisa repaired to Buddha
- there was no house but someone had died in it
- Give you medicine for your child
- Please tell me
- Kissa went to the Buddha
- There was no house where no one had died
Class 10 English Chapter 10 Poem Answers
Get all the questions and their answers to the NCERT class 10 English chapter 10 poem “For Anne Gregory” of English – First Flight textbook.
Thinking About the Poem
What does the young man mean by “great honey-colored/Ramparts at your ear”? Why does he say that young men are “thrown into despair” by them?
The “great honey-colored/Ramparts at your ear” refers to the beautiful yellow-colored hair that falls at the woman’s ear and covers it like a wall around a fort. He says that the young men are “thrown into despair” by them because they look so beautiful on the woman that her beauty gets thoroughly enhanced.
The young men fall in love with her and feel despair. He says that it is not possible that someone would love her alone and not her yellow.
What color is the young woman’s hair? What does she say she can change it to? Why would she want to do so?
The young women’s hair is grey and yellow. She says so lest her lover should cease to love her. She can get them dyed in the color which is liked by her lover.
Objects have qualities that make them desirable to others. Can you think of some objects (a car, a phone, a dress…) and say what qualities make one object more desirable than another? Imagine you were trying to sell an object: what qualities would you emphasize?
Of course, all objects have certain qualities that make them desirable. One object became more desirable because of its worth, stability, utility, durability, cost, helpfulness to life, etc.
If we are trying to sell any object we will keep in mind the above qualities. For example, you are trying to sell a car you must say about cost, durability, stability, condition, color, year of manufacturing, company, and so on.
What about people? Do you love others because we like their qualities, whether physical or mental? Or is it possible to love someone “for themselves alone”? Are some people “more lovable” than others? Discuss this question in pairs or in groups, considering points like the following.
(i) a parent or caregiver’s love for a newborn baby, for a mentally or physically challenged child, for a clever child, or a prodigy.
(ii) the public’s love for a film star, a sportsperson, a politician, or a social worker.
(iii) your love for a friend, or brother, or sister.
(iv) your love for a pet, and the pet’s love for you.
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