NCERT Solutions For Class 10 English Chapter 1 First Flight

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English Chapter 1: A Letter to God and the two poems Dust of Snow and Fire and Ice. On this page, you find the complete solutions for the NCERT Class 10 English Chapter 1 all in-text and end-text exercise questions with a proper answer.

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 English Chapter 1 First Flight

Class 10
Subject English – First Flight
Chapter 1
  • A Letter to God
  • Dust of Snow (Poem)
  • Fire and Ice (Poem)

Class 10 English Chapter 1 In-text Answers

Get all the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English Chapter 1: A Letter to God in-text questions with answers of the page no. 5, 6 and 7. All questions and answers are provided below.

Page No. 5 Questions & Answers

Question 1

What did Lencho hope for?

Answer

Lencho hoped for rains for his crops.

Question 2

Why did Lencho say the raindrops were like ‘new coins’?

Answer

Lencho’s crops were ready for harvest. All it needed was a downpour or at least a shower before harvesting. So that the crops were grown fully and could be sold in the market for good money. That’s why he compared the raindrops were like new coins.

Question 3

How did the rain change? What happened to Lencho’s fields?

Answer

The rain changed into a strong hailstorm. The hailstorm completely destroyed Lencho’s ripe cornfield.

Question 4

What were Lencho’s feelings when the hail stopped?

Answer

After the hail stopped, Lencho’s soul was filled with sadness. He was very sad because the hail left nothing on his cornfield. Lencho thought that he would go hungry that year.

Page No. 6 Questions & Answers

Question 1

Who or what did Lencho have faith in? What did he do?

Answer

Lencho had a deep faith in God. He had instructed that God’s eyes see everything, even what is deep in one’s conscience. Therefore he wrote a letter to God expressing his need for a hundred pesos so that he could sow his field again and live until the crop comes and grow again.

Question 2

Who read the letter?

Answer

The postman saw that the letter was addressed to God,  he laughed and took the letter to the postmaster. The postmaster read the letter.

Question 3

What did the postmaster do then?

Answer

The postmaster did not want to brack Lencho’s faith in God. So, he collected some money from the staff and send it to Lencho.

Page No. 7 Questions & Answers

Question 1

Was Lencho surprised to find a letter for him with money in it?

Answer

No, Lencho was not at all surprised to find a letter for him with money inside it. Because he had a deep faith in God.

Question 2

What made him angry?

Answer

Lencho got angry when he counted the money sent on the letter from God. Lencho asked for 100 pesos while he received only 70 pesos.

 

Class 10 English Chapter 1 End-text Answers

Get all the NCERT solutions for class 10 English chapter 1: A Letter to God’s complete end-text questions and answers are provided below.

Question 1

Who does Lencho have complete faith in? Which sentences in the story tell you this?

Answer

Lencho had complete faith in God.

The sentences in the story that show that Lencho had faith in God are as follow:

  • But in the heart of all who lived in that solitary house in the middle of the valley, they were a single hope: help from God.
  • All through the night, Lencho thought only of his one hope: the help of God, whose eyes, as he had been instructed, see everything, even what is deep in one’s conscience.
  • “God,” he wrote, “if you don’t help me, my family and I will go hungry this year.”
  • He wrote ‘To God’ on the envelope, put the letter inside, and still troubled, went to town.
  • God could not have made a mistake, nor could he have denied Lencho what he had requested.

Question 2

Why does the postmaster send money to lencho? Why does he sign the letter ‘God’?

Answer

The postmaster did not want to break Lencho’s deep faith in God. That is why he collected some money from his staff and sent it to Lencho by signing it as ‘God’.

Question 3

Did Lencho try to find out who had sent the money to him? Why/Why not?

Answer

No, Lencho does not try to find out who had sent the money to him. This is because he never suspected that it could be anybody else other than God who would send him the money. His faith in God was so strong that he believed that God had sent him the money.

Question 4

Who does Lencho think has taken the rest of the money? What is the irony in the situation? (Remember that the irony of a situation is an unexpected aspect of it. An ironic situation is strange or amusing because it is the opposite of what is expected.)

Answer

Lencho thought that the post office employees had taken the rest of the money. The irony of the situation was that the employees whom he called a “bunch of crooks” and suspected of taking some of the money were the people who had contributed and sent him the money in the first place.

Question 5

Are there people like Lencho in the real-life world? What kind of a person would you say he is? You may select appropriate words from the box to answer the question.

greedy, naive, stupid, ungrateful, Selfish, Comical, unquestioning

Answer

There might be a few people like Lencho in the real world. He is an unquestioning, naive kind of person.

Question 6

There is two kinds of conflict in the story: between humans and nature, and between humans themselves. How are these conflicts illustrated?

Answer

The conflict between humans and nature is illustrated by the destruction of Lencho’s crops by the hailstorm. Lencho had worked really hard on his fields and the harvest was really important for him. He required the money to feed his family. However, nature turned violent. The rains were accompanied by a hailstorm, which destroyed the crops.

The story also illustrates another conflict, between humans themselves. The postmaster, along with the help of the other post office employees, sent Lencho the money that they could manage to collect. They were not related to Lencho in any manner. It was an act of kindness and selflessness on their part. Even though they did a good deed, Lencho blamed them for taking away some amount of money. He called them “a bunch of crooks”.

 

Thinking About Language

I. Look at the following sentence from the story.

Suddenly a strong wind began to blow and along with the rain very large hailstones began to fall.

‘Hailstones’ are small balls of ice that fall like rain. A storm in which hailstorms fall is a ‘hailstorm’. You know that a storm is bad weather with strong winds, rain, thunder, and lightning.

There are different names in different parts of the world for storms, depending on their nature. Can you match the names in the box with their descriptions below, and fill in the blanks? You may use a dictionary to help you.

gale, whirlwind, cyclone, hurricane, tornado, typhoon

  1. A violent tropical storm in which strong winds move in a circle: —- c ——-
  2. An extremely strong wind: — a ——
  3. A violent tropical storm with very strong winds: —– p ———–
  4. A violent storm whose center is a cloud in the shape of a funnel: ——- n ———
  5. A violent storm with very strong winds, especially in the western Atlantic Ocean: ——– r ———–
  6. A very strong wind that moves very fast in a spinning movement and causes a lot of damage: ——-l——

Answer

  1. Cyclone
  2. Gale
  3. Typhoon
  4. Tornado
  5. Hurricane
  6. Whirlwind

II. Notice how the word ‘hope’ is used in these sentences from the story:

(a) I hope it (the hailstorm) passes quickly.

(b) There was a single hope: help from God.

In the first example, ‘hope’ is a verb that means you wish for something to happen. In the second example, it is a noun meaning a chance for something to happen.

Match the sentences in Column A with the meaning of ‘hope’ in Column B.

A B
  1. Will you get the subjects you want to study in college? I hope so.
  2. I hope you don’t mind my saying this, but I don’t like the way you are arguing.
  3. This discovery will give new hope to HIV/AIDS sufferers.
  4. We were hoping against hope that the judges would not notice our mistakes.
  5. I called early in the hope of speaking to her before she went to school.
  6. Just when everybody had given up hope, the fishermen came back, seven days after the cyclone.
  • a feeling that something good will probably happen
  • thinking that this would happen(It may or may not have happened.)
  • stopped believing that this good thing would happen.
  • wanting something to happen (and thinking it quite possible)
  • showing concern that what you say should not offend or disturb the other person: a way of being polite
  • wishing for something to happen, although this is very unlikely

Answer

A B
  1. Will you get the subjects you want to study in college? I hope although this is very unlikely.
  2. I hope you don’t mind my what saying this, but I don’t like offended the way you are arguing.
  3. This discovery will give new hope to HIV/AIDS sufferers.
  4. We were hoping against hope that the judges would not notice our mistakes.
  5. I called early in the hope of speaking to her before she went to school.
  6. Just when everybody had given up hope, the fishermen came back, seven days after the cyclone.
  • wanting something to happen (and thinking it quite possible)
  • showing concern that you say should not or disturb the other person: a way of being polite.
  • a feeling that something good will probably happen.
  • wishing for something to happen, although this is very unlikely.
  • thinking that this would happen (It may or may not have happened.)
  • stopped believing that this good thing would happen.

III. Relative Clauses

Join the sentences given below using who, whom, whose, which, as suggested.

  1. I often go to Mumbai. Mumbai is the commercial capital of India. (which)
  2. My mother is going to host a TV show on cooking. She cooks very well. (who)
  3. These sportspersons are going to meet the President. Their performance has been excellent. (whose)
  4. Lencho prayed to God. His eyes see into our minds. (whose)
  5. This man cheated me. I trusted him. (whom)

Answer

  1. I often go to Mumbai which is the commercial capital of India.
  2. My mother who cooks very well is going to host a TV show on cooking.
  3. These sportspersons whose performance has been excellent are going to meet the President.
  4. Lencho prayed to God whose eyes see into our minds.
  5. This man whom I trusted cheated me.

IV. Using Negative for Emphasis

Find sentences in the story with negative words, which express the following ideas emphatically.

1. The trees lost all their leaves.


2. The letter was addressed to God himself.


3. The postman saw this address for the first time in his career.


Answer

1. The trees lost all their leaves.

Not a leaf remained on the tress.

2. The letter was addressed to God himself.

It was nothing less than a letter to God.

3. The postman saw this address for the first time in his career.

Never in his career as a postman had he known that address.

 

V. Metaphors

In pairs, find metaphors from the story to complete the table below. Try to say what qualities are being compared. One has been done for you.

Object Metaphor Quality or Feature Compared
Cloud Huge mountains of clouds The mass or ‘hugeness’ of mountains
Raindrops
Hailstones
Locusts
An epidemic (a disease) that spreads very rapidly and leaves many people dead
An ox of a man

Answer

Object Metaphor Quality or Feature Compared
Cloud Huge mountains of clouds The mass or ‘hugeness’ of mountains.
Raindrops A curtain of rain The draping or covering of an area by a curtain.
Hailstones A frozen pearls The resemblance in color and hardness of a pearl.
Locusts A plague of locusts The consequences (destruction) of plague.
Locusts A plague of locusts An epidemic (a disease) that spreads very rapidly and leaves many people dead.
Farmer An ox of a man A hard-working and laborious person.

 

Class 10 English Chapter 1 Poem “Dust of Snow” Answers

NCERT Class 10 English Chapter 1 First Flight textbook’s first poem ‘Dust of Snow’ complete all questions and answers are given below.

Thinking About the Poem

Question 1

What is a “dust of snow”? what does the poet say has changed his mood? How has the poet’s mood changed?

Answer

A “dust of snow” could mean a freckle of snow or it could also refer to the little white flowers that can be found on hemlock trees. This “dust of snow” changed the poet’s mood. The poet’s mood changed from that of dismay to joy.

Question 2

How does Frost present nature in this poem? The following questions may help you to think of an answer.

(i) What are the birds that are usually named in poems? Do you think the crow is often mentioned in poems? What images come to your mind when you think of a crow?

(ii) Again, What is “a hemlock tree”? Why doesn’t the poet write about more ‘beautiful’ trees such as a maple, or an oak, or a pine?

(iii) What do the ‘crow’ and ‘hemlock’ represent – joy or sorrow? What did the dust of snow that the crow shakes off a hemlock tree stand for?

Answer

(i) Frost has presented nature in quite an unconventional manner in the poem. While in other nature poems come across birds such as nightingales or sparrows. A crow can be associated with something dark, black, and foreboding. That is why other poets usually mention singing nightingales or beautiful white doves in their poems.

(ii) The poet has written about a hemlock tree which is a poisonous tree. He has not written about a more beautiful tree such as a maple, or an oak, or a pine because these trees symbolize beauty and happiness. Frost wanted to symbolize feelings of sadness and regret, that is why he has used a hemlock tree.

(iii) The crow and hemlock tree represent sorrow. The dust of snow that is shaken off the hemlock tree by the crow stands for the joy that Frost experiences.

Question 3

Have there been times when you felt depressed or hopeless? Have you experienced a similar moment that changed your mood that day?

Answer

There have been innumerable times when I felt depressed and hopeless. This situation comes due to various behavior and attitude of other but sometimes it comes due to loneliness. Once I was very upset, I was on my balcony. I saw two puppies playing on the road. This little joy changed my mood and I felt very happy for the rest of the day.

 

Class 10 English Chapter 1 Poem “Fire and Ice” Answers

NCERT Class 10 English textbook’s chapter 1 second poem ‘Fire and Ice’ complete all questions and answers are given below.

Thinking About the Poem

Question 1

There are many ideas about how the world will ‘end’. Do you think the world will end someday? Have you ever thought about what would happen if the sun got so hot that it ‘burst’, or grew colder and colder?

Answer

Yes, I believe that this would definitely end someday but when and how is not known. Whether the sun got hot or cold, in both circumstances the end of the world is sure.

Question 2

For Frost, what do ‘fire’ and ‘ice’ stand for? Here are some ideas:

greed, avarice, cruelty, lust, conflict, fury, intolerance, rigidity, insensitivity, coldness, indifference, and hatred

Answer

‘Fire’ stands for greed, avarice, lust, conflict, and fury. ‘Ice’ stands for cruelty, intolerance, rigidity, insensitivity, coldness, indifference, and hatred.


More Class 10 English Answers

Chapter 1: A Letter to God

Chapter 2: Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom

Chapter 3: Two Stories about Flying

Chapter 4: From the Diary of Anne Frank

Chapter 5: The Hundred Dresses – I

Chapter 6: The Hundred Dresses – II

Chapter 7: Glimpses of India

Chapter 8: Mijbil the Otter

Chapter 9: Madam Rides the Bus

Chapter 10: The Sermon at Benares

Chapter 11: The Proposal

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